What is Clone Phishing and How to Protect Yourself Against It

Enterprise Security Magazine | Wednesday, October 20, 2021

It’s simple and quick to launch a clone phishing assault. This type of attack against a vast number of potential victims extracting their credentials does not necessitate any expertise of IT security or coding on the attacker’s part.

FREMONT, CA: Clone phishing assaults involve creating a legitimate service or application login form to trick the user into providing his credentials.

Clone phishing is arguably the most well-known social engineering-based hacking tactic. One of the most well-known instances of this type of attack is the bulk mailing of messages purporting to be from a service or social network. The message directs the user to click on a link that takes them to a bogus login form, a visual clone of the legitimate login page.

The victim of this type of attack clicks on the link, which typically opens a bogus login page, where he enters his credentials in the form. Without the target being aware that he has been hacked, the attacker harvests the victim's credentials and redirects him to the legitimate service or social network page.

This attack was previously effective against attackers who ran large-scale campaigns to amass large amounts of credentials from careless users.

Fortunately, two-step verification systems successfully combat clone phishing attacks, but many consumers remain oblivious and exposed.

Features of clone phishing attack

While clone phishing attempts are intended at multiple targets, spear-phishing assaults are directed at a single individual.

A legitimate website or application is cloned to fool the victim into thinking he is logging into a legitimate form.

To avoid suspicion, the victim is redirected to the legitimate website following the attack.

The user is the vulnerability exploited in those attacks.

How one should protect himself against Clone Phishing attempts

It is critical to recognize that phishing assaults do not target equipment weaknesses but rather the creativity of their victims. While there are technological countermeasures against phishing, security ultimately rests on users.

The first preventive action is to enable Two-Step Verification on the services and websites we use; by doing so, hackers will be unable to access the victim's information even if the attack is successful.

The second strategy is to educate on how attacks are carried out. Users must always verify the sender's email address's trustworthiness. Users must be vigilant for imitative attempts (e.g., replacing an O for a 0 or using key combination generated characters).

The primary evaluation must be on the domain to which users are linked via the message requesting a specific action on their part. Users must validate or reject the website's validity based solely on the domain name. The majority of users are unconcerned with domain names. Generally, experienced users suspect immediately before a phishing effort.

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